Image description

after Pablo Picasso - Amnistía: prisonnier et colombe de la paix (Para mi amigo Arias)

after Pablo Picasso Amnistia

Amnesty, Prisoner and Dive of Peace (for my friend Arias)

Medium: Lithograph after Picasso, 6/11/1959, Signed  and dated in the stone and by the artist in pencil lower right, with full margins

Printed by: Mourlot Freres,, Paris, France

Size: Paper size:  750 x 520 mms

Note: This is an “Avant les Letres”  lithograph in respect of a poster entitled “Amnistia” which was made on thin poster paper. . The poster is annotated “Edite par la commute National D’Aide arc victims du Franquisme”. This “Avant les lettres” lithograph rarely comes up for sale and although it seems to have been made in an edition of 200 signed and numbered proofs, for whatever reason, there have been few example survived to this day as is evidenced by how infrequently the item comes upon for sale. It is a rare item.

Picasso was heavily involved in the Peace Movement and important part of which, certainly for him, was protest against the tyrannical rule of General Franco.An estimated 500,000 Spanish Republican refugees fled from Spain in 1939 and many of these, including Picasso’s nephews, were interned. Material in the Picasso archive shows the artists close relationship with the Spanish Communist party after the liberation of France in 1944. A Blue Schoolbook records donations given by the artist to the League of Wounded Spaniards for the sum of 433,880 Francs - a considerable sum in those times. The word “Amnistia” was to become the motto of as major international campaign against Franco and the focus of protest against the imprisonment of Spanish Republicans in Spain. By the late 1950’s protests against the Spanish Government had become a mass movement and Picasso’s freedom symbol of a Dove was used on a leaflet to petition  the government. The Pleyel Appeal for Spanish prisoners and exiles was held in Paris in November 1959 and it was for this event that our poster was undoubtably created. The poster shows a Spanish Republican behind prison bars with a Dove of Peace flying past. An undeniably powerful  metaphor.

Eugenio Arias, to whom the poster version is dedicated , was forced to leave school early and had a life common to many who fled Spain under Franco to seek a new life in France. When Franco died in 1975, Arias returned to Buitrago and donated all the gifts he had received during his years of friendship with the artist to the local council. Buitrago's Picasso Museum opened in 1985 and became a landmark on the Picasso trail in Spain.

Edttion: 2/200

References:

Morris, Lynda & Christoph Grunenberg. Picasso: Peace and Freedom (Tate Liverpool, 21 May - 30 August, 2010; Albertina, Vienna, 22 September - 16 Januar, 2011; Kunsthaus Zürich, Zürich, 15 Oktober, 2010 - 30 Januar, 2011). London: Tate Publishing. 2010 (Illustrated Figure 20, page 35)

Rodríguez Gran, Joaquín, et al. Museo Picasso: Colección Eugenio Arias. Madrid:Imprenta de la Comunidad

de Madrid. 1990

Mallen, Enrique, ed. Online Picasso Project. Sam Houston State University. 1997-2016. (59:313)

Christophe Czwiklitzer: “Plakate 1923 - 1973 ”The poster only is noted under reference 152. There is no

reference to the “avant les letters work”

Luis Carlos Rodrigo “Picasso in his Posters” : The poster of which ours is an “avant les letters” Limited ]

edition is to be found in Volume 3, page 1620 - poster number 095

Public Collections: Museo Picasso, Collection Eugenio Arias, Buitrago del Lozoya (Inv 34)